NHGRI Press Releases

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Press Releases from the National Human Genome Research Institute
Updated: 3 hours 58 min ago

NIH completes atlas of human DNA differences that influence gene expression

Wed, 10/11/2017 - 12:00
Bethesda, Md., Wed., October 11, 2017 - Researchers from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) Consortium, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), have completed a detailed atlas documenting the stretches of human DNA that influence gene expression - a key way in which a person's genome gives rise to an observable trait, like hair color or disease risk. This atlas is a critical resource for the scientific community interested in how individual genomic variation leads to biological differences across human tissues and cell types.

New regions of the human genome linked to skin color variation in some African populations

Thu, 09/28/2017 - 12:00
Bethesda, Md., Fri., September 28, 2017 - In the first study of its kind, an international team of genomics researchers has identified new regions of the human genome that are associated with skin color variation in some African populations, opening new avenues for research on skin diseases and cancer in all populations. These findings may help researchers determine if humans with certain DNA sequences are more or less susceptible to DNA damage caused by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) or respond to cellular stress differently. National Institutes of Health researchers contributed to this effort, led by Sarah Tishkoff, Ph.D., at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. The findings were published in the journal Science.

New toolkit helps nurses use genomics in patient care

Tue, 09/19/2017 - 12:00
Bethesda, Md., Tues., September 19, 2017 - Nurses and other health professionals looking to integrate genomics into patient care now have access to an online toolkit with more than 100 resources, part of a new website launched by the National Human Genome Research Institute. Developed with input from clinical educators and administrators, The Method for Introducing a New Competency in Genomics (MINC) website provides resources for nursing leaders at all levels of genomics competency, ranging from basic knowledge about genomics to its practical impact on healthcare systems and policies.

Sequencing all 24 human chromosomes uncovers rare disorders

Wed, 08/30/2017 - 12:00
Bethesda, Md., Thur., August 30, 2017 - Non-invasive prenatal screening is one of the great success stories of genomics research. Now, a new NHGRI study has found that extending noninvasive prenatal screening to all 24 human chromosomes can detect genetic disorders that may explain miscarriage and abnormalities in fetal growth. This approach may also reduce false positive results for Down syndrome and other common conditions. Findings were published online today, August 30, in Science Translational Medicine.

NIH to host workshop on advances, future needs in human microbiome research

Thu, 08/10/2017 - 12:00
Bethesda, Md., Thur., August 10, 2017 - Microbes inhabit just about every part of the human body, outnumbering human cells by ten to one. The ten-year, National Institutes of Health (NIH) Common Fund Human Microbiome Project was established to understand how microbial communities impact human health. On August 16-18, 2017, NIH will host a workshop, The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century, to share the latest research on the human microbiome, and to evaluate what is needed to advance this field over the next decade.

NIH accelerates the use of genomics in clinical care

Tue, 08/08/2017 - 12:00
Bethesda, Md., Tue., August 8 2017 - The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is awarding $18.9 million towards research that aims to accelerates the use of genome sequencing in clinical care. The new awards will generate innovative approaches and best practices to ensure that the effectiveness of genomic medicine can be applied to all individuals and groups, including diverse and underserved populations, and in healthcare settings that extend beyond academic medical centers.