|Image source: Tom Murray (Own work) [CC BY-ND-NC 1.0], via BugGuide.net|
Bull-headed dung beetle (Onthophagus taurus)
Contact: Armin Moczek
Researchers involved: ~200
Size (or size of nearest relative): 310mb
Keywords (and why important): morphological innovation, extreme species and morphological diversity, sexual selection, developmental plasticity, alternative reproductive tactics
The dung beetle genus Onthophagus comprises with over 2,400 extant species the most speciose genus within the animal kingdom. O. taurus itself is the most studied dung beetle and a focal taxon for studies in evolutionary ecology, evolutionary genetics, behavioral ecology, evo-devo and developmental genetics.
Like many species within the genus it features extreme secondary sexual traits (horns) and extreme sexual dimorphism (cued by sex-specific development). At the same time this species possesses an equally remarkable (and representative) male dimorphism (cued entirely by larval nutrition) in which large males express huge horns which they use as weapons in male combat, whereas small males remain hornless, non-aggressive, and instead invest into enlarged testes and ejaculates.
Onthophagus beetles are emerging as a model system in evodevo and ecodevo, in particular with respect to the evolutionary developmental genetics of plasticity, pattern formation, trait integration, and growth regulation. Extensive transcriptomic data already exist for this as well as other species, alongside a growing number of functional studies using larval RNAi-mediated transcript depletion, which works easily and routinely across diverse species within the genus.
For the most current version of the assembly, please use 'NCBI BioProject' (find link below). If the assembly is unavailable in the BioProject page (it is still being worked on), you can look under the 'BCM-HGSC data' (find link below) for intermediate versions of the assembly.
Web Apollo: A web-based sequence annotation editor for community annotation
For information about Web Apollo, please contact Monica Poelchau.
Web Apollo annotation tool (requires log in)
Web Apollo Jbrowse viewing of the automated annotation tracks (no log in required)