Analysis of the quality and utility of random shotgun sequencing at low redundancies.

TitleAnalysis of the quality and utility of random shotgun sequencing at low redundancies.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsBouck, J, Miller, W, Gorrell, JH, Muzny, DM, Gibbs, RA
JournalGenome Res
Date Published1998 Oct
KeywordsAnimals, Contig Mapping, Expressed Sequence Tags, Gene Library, Genome, Human, Humans, Mice, Quality Control, Retrospective Studies, Sequence Analysis, DNA

The currently favored approach for sequencing the human genome involves selecting representative large-insert clones (100-200 kb), randomly shearing this DNA to construct shotgun libraries, and then sequencing many different isolates from the library. This method, entitled directed random shotgun sequencing, requires highly redundant sequencing to obtain a complete and accurate finished consensus sequence. Recently it has been suggested that a rapidly generated lower redundancy sequence might be of use to the scientific community. Low-redundancy sequencing has been examined previously using simulated data sets. Here we utilize trace data from a number of projects submitted to GenBank to perform reconstruction experiments that mimic low-redundancy sequencing. These low-redundancy sequences have been examined for the completeness and quality of the consensus product, information content, and usefulness for interspecies comparisons. The data presented here suggest three different sequencing strategies, each with different utilities. (1) Nearly complete sequence data can be obtained by sequencing a random shotgun library at sixfold redundancy. This may therefore represent a good point to switch from a random to directed approach. (2) Sequencing can be performed with as little as twofold redundancy to find most of the information about exons, EST hits, and putative exon similarity matches. (3) To obtain contiguity of coding regions, sequencing at three- to fourfold redundancy would be appropriate. From these results, we suggest that a useful intermediate product for genome sequencing might be obtained by three- to fourfold redundancy. Such a product would allow a large amount of biologically useful data to be extracted while postponing the majority of work involved in producing a high quality consensus sequence.

Alternate JournalGenome Res
PubMed ID9799794
PubMed Central IDPMC310787
Grant ListHG01459 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
LM05110 / LM / NLM NIH HHS / United States

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