The behavioral genetics of nonhuman primates: Status and prospects.

TitleThe behavioral genetics of nonhuman primates: Status and prospects.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsRogers, J
JournalAm J Phys Anthropol
Volume165 Suppl 65
Date Published2018 Jan
KeywordsAnimals, Behavior, Animal, Brain, Epigenesis, Genetic, Female, Genetics, Behavioral, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Primates

The complexity and diversity of primate behavior have long attracted the attention of ethologists, psychologists, behavioral ecologists, and neuroscientists. Recent studies have advanced our understanding of the nature of genetic influences on differences in behavior among individuals within species. A number of analyses have focused on the genetic analysis of behavioral reactions to specific experimental tests, providing estimates of the degree of genetic control over reactivity, and beginning to identify the genes involved. Substantial progress is also being made in identifying genetic factors that influence the structure and function of the primate brain. Most of the published studies on these topics have examined either cercopithecines or chimpanzees, though a few studies have addressed these questions in other primate species. One potentially important line of research is beginning to identify the epigenetic processes that influence primate behavior, thus revealing specific cellular and molecular mechanisms by which environmental experiences can influence gene expression or gene function relevant to behavior. This review summarizes many of these studies of non-human primate behavioral genetics. The primary focus is on analyses that address the nature of the genes and genetic processes that affect differences in behavior among individuals within non-human primate species. Analyses of between species differences and potential avenues for future research are also discussed.

Alternate JournalAm J Phys Anthropol
PubMed ID29380886
Grant ListR24 OD011173 / OD / NIH HHS / United States

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