Bi-allelic CCDC47 Variants Cause a Disorder Characterized by Woolly Hair, Liver Dysfunction, Dysmorphic Features, and Global Developmental Delay.

TitleBi-allelic CCDC47 Variants Cause a Disorder Characterized by Woolly Hair, Liver Dysfunction, Dysmorphic Features, and Global Developmental Delay.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMorimoto, M, Waller-Evans, H, Ammous, Z, Song, X, Strauss, KA, Pehlivan, D, Gonzaga-Jauregui, C, Puffenberger, EG, Holst, CR, Karaca, E, Brigatti, KW, Maguire, E, Coban-Akdemir, ZH, Amagata, A, C Lau, C, Chepa-Lotrea, X, Macnamara, E, Tos, T, Isikay, S, Nehrebecky, M, Overton, JD, Klein, M, Markello, TC, Posey, JE, Adams, DR, Lloyd-Evans, E, Lupski, JR, Gahl, WA, Malicdan, MChristine
JournalAm J Hum Genet
Volume103
Issue5
Pagination794-807
Date Published2018 Nov 01
ISSN1537-6605
Abstract

Ca signaling is vital for various cellular processes including synaptic vesicle exocytosis, muscle contraction, regulation of secretion, gene transcription, and cellular proliferation. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the largest intracellular Ca store, and dysregulation of ER Ca signaling and homeostasis contributes to the pathogenesis of various complex disorders and Mendelian disease traits. We describe four unrelated individuals with a complex multisystem disorder characterized by woolly hair, liver dysfunction, pruritus, dysmorphic features, hypotonia, and global developmental delay. Through whole-exome sequencing and family-based genomics, we identified bi-allelic variants in CCDC47 that encodes the Ca-binding ER transmembrane protein CCDC47. CCDC47, also known as calumin, has been shown to bind Ca with low affinity and high capacity. In mice, loss of Ccdc47 leads to embryonic lethality, suggesting that Ccdc47 is essential for early development. Characterization of cells from individuals with predicted likely damaging alleles showed decreased CCDC47 mRNA expression and protein levels. In vitro cellular experiments showed decreased total ER Ca storage, impaired Ca signaling mediated by the IPR Ca release channel, and reduced ER Ca refilling via store-operated Ca entry. These results, together with the previously described role of CCDC47 in Ca signaling and development, suggest that bi-allelic loss-of-function variants in CCDC47 underlie the pathogenesis of this multisystem disorder.

DOI10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.09.014
Alternate JournalAm. J. Hum. Genet.
PubMed ID30401460
PubMed Central IDPMC6218603