Circulating tumor DNA sequencing of pediatric solid and brain tumor patients: An institutional feasibility study.

TitleCirculating tumor DNA sequencing of pediatric solid and brain tumor patients: An institutional feasibility study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsMangum, R, Reuther, J, Baksi, KSen, Gandhi, I, Zabriskie, RC, Recinos, A, Raesz-Martinez, R, Lin, FY, Potter, SL, Sher, AC, Kralik, SF, Mohila, CA, Chintagumpala, MM, Muzny, DM, Hu, J, Gibbs, RA, Fisher, KE, Bernini, JCarlos, Gill, J, Griffin, TC, Tomlinson, GE, Vallance, KL, Plon, SE, Roy, A, D Parsons, W
JournalPediatr Hematol Oncol
Date Published2023
KeywordsBiomarkers, Tumor, Brain Neoplasms, Child, Circulating Tumor DNA, Feasibility Studies, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Mutation

The potential of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis to serve as a real-time "liquid biopsy" for children with central nervous system (CNS) and non-CNS solid tumors remains to be fully elucidated. We conducted a study to investigate the feasibility and potential clinical utility of ctDNA sequencing in pediatric patients enrolled on an institutional clinical genomics trial. A total of 240 patients had tumor DNA profiling performed during the study period. Plasma samples were collected at study enrollment from 217 patients and then longitudinally from a subset of patients. Successful cell-free DNA extraction and quantification occurred in 216 of 217 (99.5%) of these initial samples. Twenty-four patients were identified whose tumors harbored 30 unique variants that were potentially detectable on a commercially-available ctDNA panel. Twenty of these 30 mutations (67%) were successfully detected by next-generation sequencing in the ctDNA from at least one plasma sample. The rate of ctDNA mutation detection was higher in patients with non-CNS solid tumors (7/9, 78%) compared to those with CNS tumors (9/15, 60%). A higher ctDNA mutation detection rate was also observed in patients with metastatic disease (9/10, 90%) compared to non-metastatic disease (7/14, 50%), although tumor-specific variants were detected in a few patients in the absence of radiographic evidence of disease. This study illustrates the feasibility of incorporating longitudinal ctDNA analysis into the management of relapsed or refractory patients with childhood CNS or non-CNS solid tumors.

Alternate JournalPediatr Hematol Oncol
PubMed ID37366551
PubMed Central IDPMC10592361
Grant ListU01 HG006485 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States

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