The complete genome sequence of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum', the bacterium associated with potato zebra chip disease.

TitleThe complete genome sequence of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum', the bacterium associated with potato zebra chip disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsLin, H, Lou, B, Glynn, JM, Doddapaneni, H, Civerolo, EL, Chen, C, Duan, Y, Zhou, L, Vahling, CM
JournalPLoS One
Volume6
Issue4
Paginatione19135
Date Published2011 Apr 28
ISSN1932-6203
KeywordsAmino Acids, Biological Transport, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Cell Division, Cell Proliferation, Citrus, DNA Replication, DNA, Bacterial, Energy Metabolism, Genome, Bacterial, Genomics, Nitrogen, Nucleotides, Plant Diseases, Prophages, Proteobacteria, Solanum tuberosum, Sulfur, Vitamins
Abstract

Zebra Chip (ZC) is an emerging plant disease that causes aboveground decline of potato shoots and generally results in unusable tubers. This disease has led to multi-million dollar losses for growers in the central and western United States over the past decade and impacts the livelihood of potato farmers in Mexico and New Zealand. ZC is associated with 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum', a fastidious alpha-proteobacterium that is transmitted by a phloem-feeding psyllid vector, Bactericera cockerelli Sulc. Research on this disease has been hampered by a lack of robust culture methods and paucity of genome sequence information for 'Ca. L. solanacearum'. Here we present the sequence of the 1.26 Mbp metagenome of 'Ca. L. solanacearum', based on DNA isolated from potato psyllids. The coding inventory of the 'Ca. L. solanacearum' genome was analyzed and compared to related Rhizobiaceae to better understand 'Ca. L. solanacearum' physiology and identify potential targets to develop improved treatment strategies. This analysis revealed a number of unique transporters and pathways, all potentially contributing to ZC pathogenesis. Some of these factors may have been acquired through horizontal gene transfer. Taxonomically, 'Ca. L. solanacearum' is related to 'Ca. L. asiaticus', a suspected causative agent of citrus huanglongbing, yet many genome rearrangements and several gene gains/losses are evident when comparing these two Liberibacter. species. Relative to 'Ca. L. asiaticus', 'Ca. L. solanacearum' probably has reduced capacity for nucleic acid modification, increased amino acid and vitamin biosynthesis functionalities, and gained a high-affinity iron transport system characteristic of several pathogenic microbes.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0019135
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
PubMed ID21552483
PubMed Central IDPMC3084294