|Title||Comprehensive analysis of patients with Stargardt macular dystrophy reveals new genotype-phenotype correlations and unexpected diagnostic revisions.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Zaneveld, J, Siddiqui, S, Li, H, Wang, X, Wang, H, Wang, K, Li, H, Ren, H, Lopez, I, Dorfman, A, Khan, A, Wang, F, Salvo, J, Gelowani, V, Li, Y, Sui, R, Koenekoop, R, Chen, R|
|Date Published||2015 Apr|
|Keywords||Adult, ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters, DNA Copy Number Variations, DNA Mutational Analysis, Female, Genetic Association Studies, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Macular Degeneration, Male, Middle Aged, Sequence Deletion|
PURPOSE: Stargardt macular dystrophy (STGD) results in early central vision loss. We sought to explain the genetic cause of STGD in a cohort of 88 patients from three different cultural backgrounds.
METHODS: Next-generation sequencing using a novel capture panel was used to search for disease-causing mutations. Patients with undetermined causes were clinically reexamined and tested for copy-number variations as well as intronic mutations.
RESULTS: We determined the cause of disease in 67% of our patients. Our analysis identified 35 novel ABCA4 alleles. Eleven patients had mutations in genes not previously reported to cause STGD. Finally, 45% of our patients with unsolved causes had single deleterious mutations in ABCA4, a recessive disease gene. No likely pathogenic copy-number variations were identified.
CONCLUSION: This study expands our knowledge of STGD by identifying dozens of novel alleles that cause the disease. The frequency of single mutations in ABCA4 among STGD patients is higher than that among controls, indicating that these mutations contribute to disease. Disease in 11 patients was explained by mutations outside ABCA4, underlining the need to genotype all retinal disease genes to maximize genetic diagnostic rates. Few ABCA4 mutations were observed in our French Canadian patients. This population may contain an unidentified founder mutation. Our results indicate that copy-number variations are unlikely to be a major cause of STGD.
|Alternate Journal||Genet. Med.|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4385427|
|Grant List||U54 HD083092 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States |
R01EY018571 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
T15LM007093 / LM / NLM NIH HHS / United States
/ / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada
R01 EY022356 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
T15 LM007093 / LM / NLM NIH HHS / United States
R01 EY018571 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
R01EY022356 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
T32 EY007102 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States