Congenital heart defects and left ventricular non-compaction in males with loss-of-function variants in NONO.

TitleCongenital heart defects and left ventricular non-compaction in males with loss-of-function variants in NONO.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsScott, DA, Hernandez-Garcia, A, Azamian, MS, Jordan, VK, Kim, BJun, Starkovich, M, Zhang, J, Wong, L-J, Darilek, SA, Breman, AM, Yang, Y, Lupski, JR, Jiwani, AK, Das, B, Lalani, SR, Iglesias, AD, Rosenfeld, JA, Xia, F
JournalJ Med Genet
Date Published2017 Jan
KeywordsChild, Child, Preschool, Developmental Disabilities, DNA-Binding Proteins, Exome, Heart Defects, Congenital, Heart Ventricles, Humans, Infant, Male, Nuclear Matrix-Associated Proteins, Octamer Transcription Factors, RNA-Binding Proteins

BACKGROUND: The non-POU domain containing octamer-binding gene (NONO) is located on chromosome Xq13.1 and encodes a member of a small family of RNA-binding and DNA-binding proteins that perform a variety of tasks involved in RNA synthesis, transcriptional regulation and DNA repair. Loss-of-function variants in NONO have been described as a cause of intellectual disability in males but have not been described in association with congenital heart defects or cardiomyopathy. In this article, we seek to further define the phenotypic consequences of NONO depletion in human subjects.METHODS: We searched a clinical database of over 6000 individuals referred for exome sequencing and over 60 000 individuals referred for CNV analysis.RESULTS: We identified two males with atrial and ventricular septal defects, left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC), developmental delay and intellectual disability, who harboured de novo, loss-of-function variants in NONO. We also identified a male infant with developmental delay, congenital brain anomalies and severe LVNC requiring cardiac transplantation, who inherited a single-gene deletion of NONO from his asymptomatic mother.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in addition to global developmental delay and intellectual disability, males with loss-of-function variants in NONO may also be predisposed to developing congenital heart defects and LVNC with the penetrance of these cardiac-related problems being influenced by genetic, epigenetic, environmental or stochastic factors. Brain imaging of males with NONO deficiency may reveal structural defects with abnormalities of the corpus callosum being the most common. Although dysmorphic features vary between affected individuals, relative macrocephaly is a common feature.

Alternate JournalJ Med Genet
PubMed ID27550220
Grant ListR25 GM056929 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
U54 HG006542 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
U54 HD083092 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States

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