Contribution of uniparental disomy in a clinical trio exome cohort of 2675 patients.

TitleContribution of uniparental disomy in a clinical trio exome cohort of 2675 patients.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsWang, L, Liu, P, Bi, W, Sim, T, Wang, X, Walkiewicz, M, Leduc, MSophie, Meng, L, Xia, F, Eng, CM, Yang, Y, Yuan, B, Dai, H
JournalMol Genet Genomic Med
Date Published2021 11
KeywordsChromosome Disorders, Humans, Pedigree, Uniparental Disomy, Whole Exome Sequencing

BACKGROUND: Uniparental disomy (UPD) is the inheritance of two homologous chromosomes from the same parent. UPD may result in clinical phenotypes when occurring on chromosomes with specific imprinting pattern, when leading to homozygosity of a deleterious recessive allele inherited from one carrier parent, or when associated with a mosaic aneuploidy. Due to the importance of UPD in genetic disease etiology, UPD analysis has started to be implemented in the context of exome sequencing (ES) or genome sequencing.

METHODS: We developed an in-house algorithm TRIPS (Trio Parentage/UPD Studies) to identify UPD events in trio ES cases. This method identifies regions with uniparental inheritance by utilizing the trio genotyping data obtained from the concurrent SNP array to delineate the parental origin of the SNPs in the proband.

RESULTS: We identified 16 UPD events from 2675 ES trios. Among those, four events led to imprinting disorders, seven unmasked a pathogenic/likely pathogenic variant in a recessive disease gene, and two were consistent with a mosaic genome wide paternal UPD pattern. Twelve of these UPD events directly contributed to the molecular diagnosis of the patients.

CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated the contribution of UPD to the molecular diagnosis in one clinical ES cohort, thus UPD analysis should be incorporated into routine clinical ES interpretation.

Alternate JournalMol Genet Genomic Med
PubMed ID34587367
PubMed Central IDPMC8606208

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