|Title||Exome sequencing reveals novel genetic loci influencing obesity-related traits in Hispanic children.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Sabo, A, Mishra, P, Dugan-Perez, S, V Voruganti, S, Kent, JW, Kalra, D, Cole, SA, Comuzzie, AG, Muzny, DM, Gibbs, RA, Butte, NF|
|Journal||Obesity (Silver Spring)|
|Date Published||2017 Jul|
OBJECTIVE: To perform whole exome sequencing in 928 Hispanic children and identify variants and genes associated with childhood obesity.
METHODS: Single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) were identified from Illumina whole exome sequencing data using integrated read mapping, variant calling, and an annotation pipeline (Mercury). Association analyses of 74 obesity-related traits and exonic variants were performed using SeqMeta software. Rare autosomal variants were analyzed using gene-based association analyses, and common autosomal variants were analyzed at the SNV level.
RESULTS: (1) Rare exonic variants in 10 genes and 16 common SNVs in 11 genes that were associated with obesity traits in a cohort of Hispanic children were identified, (2) novel rare variants in peroxisome biogenesis factor 1 (PEX1) associated with several obesity traits (weight, weight z score, BMI, BMI z score, waist circumference, fat mass, trunk fat mass) were discovered, and (3) previously reported SNVs associated with childhood obesity were replicated.
CONCLUSIONS: Convergence of whole exome sequencing, a family-based design, and extensive phenotyping discovered novel rare and common variants associated with childhood obesity. Linking PEX1 to obesity phenotypes poses a novel mechanism of peroxisomal biogenesis and metabolism underlying the development of childhood obesity.
|Alternate Journal||Obesity (Silver Spring)|