An exome sequencing study of Moebius syndrome including atypical cases reveals an individual with CFEOM3A and a TUBB3 mutation.

TitleAn exome sequencing study of Moebius syndrome including atypical cases reveals an individual with CFEOM3A and a TUBB3 mutation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPatel, RM, Liu, D, Gonzaga-Jauregui, C, Jhangiani, S, Lu, JT, V Sutton, R, Fernbach, SD, Azamian, M, White, L, Edmond, JC, Paysse, EA, Belmont, JW, Muzny, D, Lupski, JR, Gibbs, RA, Lewis, RAlan, Lee, BH, Lalani, SR, Campeau, PM
JournalCold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud
Volume3
Issue2
Paginationa000984
Date Published2017 Mar
Abstract

Moebius syndrome is characterized by congenital unilateral or bilateral facial and abducens nerve palsies (sixth and seventh cranial nerves) causing facial weakness, feeding difficulties, and restricted ocular movements. Abnormalities of the chest wall such as Poland anomaly and variable limb defects are frequently associated with this syndrome. Most cases are isolated; however, rare families with autosomal dominant transmission with incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity have been described. The genetic basis of this condition remains unknown. In a cohort study of nine individuals suspected to have Moebius syndrome (six typical, three atypical), we performed whole-exome sequencing to try to identify a commonly mutated gene. Although no such gene was identified and we did not find mutations in PLXND1 and REV3L, we found a de novo heterozygous mutation, p.E410K, in the gene encoding tubulin beta 3 class III (TUBB3), in an individual with atypical Moebius syndrome. This individual was diagnosed with near-complete ophthalmoplegia, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and absence of the septum pellucidum. No substantial limb abnormalities were noted. Mutations in TUBB3 have been associated with complex cortical dysplasia and other brain malformations and congenital fibrosis of extraocular muscles type 3A (CFEOM3A). Our report highlights the overlap of genetic etiology and clinical differences between CFEOM and Moebius syndrome and describes our approach to identifying candidate genes for typical and atypical Moebius syndrome.

DOI10.1101/mcs.a000984
Alternate JournalCold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud
PubMed ID28299356
PubMed Central IDPMC5334472