Genetic analysis of innate immunity in Behcet's disease identifies an association with IL-37 and IL-18RAP.

TitleGenetic analysis of innate immunity in Behcet's disease identifies an association with IL-37 and IL-18RAP.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTan, H, Deng, B, Yu, H, Yang, Y, Ding, L, Zhang, Q, Qin, J, Kijlstra, A, Chen, R, Yang, P
JournalSci Rep
Date Published2016 Oct 24
KeywordsAdult, Asian People, Behcet Syndrome, Case-Control Studies, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Immunity, Innate, Interleukin-1, Interleukin-18 Receptor beta Subunit, Leukocytes, Mononuclear, Male, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome

Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and the IL-1 receptor (IL-1R) family play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of IL-1 and IL-1R family genes with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) and Behcet's disease (BD) in Han Chinese. The case-control study was divided into two stages and included 419 VKH cases, 1063 BD cases and 1872 healthy controls. The MassARRAY platform (Sequenom), iPLEX Gold Assay and TaqMan SNP assays were used to score genotypes of 24 SNPs. The expression of IL-37 and IL-18Rap was measured by ELISA and real-time PCR in genotyped healthy individuals. A significantly lower frequency of the AG genotype, and a higher frequency of the GG genotype and G allele of IL-37/rs3811047 were observed in BD as compared to controls. AA genotype and A allele frequency of IL-18RAP/rs2058660 was significantly decreased in BD as compared to controls. Functional studies performed in healthy controls showed that rs3811047 AG genotype carriers had a higher IL-37 gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) than GG carriers. GG carriers showed a higher cytokine expression as compared to AG carriers. No association was detected between the tested SNPs and VKH.

Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID27775096
PubMed Central IDPMC5075872

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