The Genetic Causes of Nonsyndromic Congenital Retinal Detachment: A Genetic and Phenotypic Study of Pakistani Families.

TitleThe Genetic Causes of Nonsyndromic Congenital Retinal Detachment: A Genetic and Phenotypic Study of Pakistani Families.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKeser, V, Khan, A, Siddiqui, S, Lopez, I, Ren, H, Qamar, R, Nadaf, J, Majewski, J, Chen, R, Koenekoop, RK
JournalInvest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
Volume58
Issue2
Pagination1028-1036
Date Published2017 Feb 01
ISSN1552-5783
KeywordsBasic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors, Child, Child, Preschool, DNA Mutational Analysis, Female, Genotype, Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Male, Mutation, Pakistan, Pedigree, Phenotype, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Retina, Retinal Diseases
Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate consanguineous pedigrees from Pakistan with a clinical diagnosis of nonsyndromic congenital retinal nonattachment (NCRNA) and identify genes responsible for the disease as currently only one NCRNA gene is known (atonal basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor 7: ATOH7).

Methods: We implemented a three-step genotyping platform: single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping to identify loss of heterozygosity regions in patients, Retinal Information Network panel screening for mutations in currently known retinal genes. Negative patients were then subjected to whole exome sequencing.

Results: We evaluated 21 consanguineous NCRNA pedigrees and identified the causal mutations in known retinal genes in 13 out of our 21 families. We found mutations in ATOH7 in three families. Surprisingly, we then found mutations in familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) genes; low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 mutations (six families), tetraspanin 12 mutations (two families), and NDP mutations (two families). Thus, 62% of the patients were successfully genotyped in our study with seven novel and six previously reported mutations in known retinal genes.

Conclusions: Although the clinical diagnosis of all children was NCRNA with severe congenital fibrotic retinal detachments, the molecular diagnosis determined that the disease process was in fact a very severe form of FEVR in 10 families. Because severe congenital retinal detachment has not been previously associated with all the FEVR genes, we have thus expanded the phenotypic spectrum of FEVR, a highly variable retinal detachment phenotype that has clinical overlap with NCRNA. We identified seven novel mutations. We also established for the first time genetic overlap between the Iranian and Pakistani populations. We identified eight NCRNA families that do not harbor mutations in any known retinal genes, suggesting novel causal genes in these families.

DOI10.1167/iovs.16-20281
Alternate JournalInvest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
PubMed ID28192794
PubMed Central IDPMC5308768