Genome, transcriptome, and secretome analysis of wood decay fungus Postia placenta supports unique mechanisms of lignocellulose conversion.

TitleGenome, transcriptome, and secretome analysis of wood decay fungus Postia placenta supports unique mechanisms of lignocellulose conversion.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsMartinez, D, Challacombe, J, Morgenstern, I, Hibbett, D, Schmoll, M, Kubicek, CP, Ferreira, P, Ruiz-Duenas, FJ, Martinez, AT, Kersten, P, Hammel, KE, Wymelenberg, AVanden, Gaskell, J, Lindquist, E, Sabat, G, Bondurant, SSplinter, Larrondo, LF, Canessa, P, Vicuna, R, Yadav, J, Doddapaneni, H, Subramanian, V, Pisabarro, AG, Lavín, JL, Oguiza, JA, Master, E, Henrissat, B, Coutinho, PM, Harris, P, Magnuson, JKarl, Baker, SE, Bruno, K, Kenealy, W, Hoegger, PJ, Kües, U, Ramaiya, P, Lucas, S, Salamov, A, Shapiro, H, Tu, H, Chee, CL, Misra, M, Xie, G, Teter, S, Yaver, D, James, T, Mokrejs, M, Pospisek, M, Grigoriev, IV, Brettin, T, Rokhsar, D, Berka, R, Cullen, D
JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Date Published2009 Feb 10
KeywordsBase Sequence, Biological Evolution, Cellulases, Enzymes, Gene Expression Profiling, Genome, Fungal, Glycoside Hydrolases, Lignin, Metabolic Networks and Pathways, Molecular Sequence Data, Oxidoreductases, Polyporales, Wood

Brown-rot fungi such as Postia placenta are common inhabitants of forest ecosystems and are also largely responsible for the destructive decay of wooden structures. Rapid depolymerization of cellulose is a distinguishing feature of brown-rot, but the biochemical mechanisms and underlying genetics are poorly understood. Systematic examination of the P. placenta genome, transcriptome, and secretome revealed unique extracellular enzyme systems, including an unusual repertoire of extracellular glycoside hydrolases. Genes encoding exocellobiohydrolases and cellulose-binding domains, typical of cellulolytic microbes, are absent in this efficient cellulose-degrading fungus. When P. placenta was grown in medium containing cellulose as sole carbon source, transcripts corresponding to many hemicellulases and to a single putative beta-1-4 endoglucanase were expressed at high levels relative to glucose-grown cultures. These transcript profiles were confirmed by direct identification of peptides by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Also up-regulated during growth on cellulose medium were putative iron reductases, quinone reductase, and structurally divergent oxidases potentially involved in extracellular generation of Fe(II) and H(2)O(2). These observations are consistent with a biodegradative role for Fenton chemistry in which Fe(II) and H(2)O(2) react to form hydroxyl radicals, highly reactive oxidants capable of depolymerizing cellulose. The P. placenta genome resources provide unparalleled opportunities for investigating such unusual mechanisms of cellulose conversion. More broadly, the genome offers insight into the diversification of lignocellulose degrading mechanisms in fungi. Comparisons with the closely related white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium support an evolutionary shift from white-rot to brown-rot during which the capacity for efficient depolymerization of lignin was lost.

Alternate JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
PubMed ID19193860
PubMed Central IDPMC2644145
Grant ListR25 GM060201 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
GM060201 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States

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