Heritability of brain volume, surface area and shape: an MRI study in an extended pedigree of baboons.

TitleHeritability of brain volume, surface area and shape: an MRI study in an extended pedigree of baboons.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsRogers, J, Kochunov, P, Lancaster, J, Shelledy, W, Glahn, D, Blangero, J, Fox, P
JournalHum Brain Mapp
Volume28
Issue6
Pagination576-83
Date Published2007 Jun
ISSN1065-9471
KeywordsAnimals, Brain, Brain Mapping, Female, Genetic Linkage, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Papio, Pedigree
Abstract

To evaluate baboons (Papio hamadryas) as a primate model for the study of the genetic control of brain size and internal structure, we performed high resolution (<500 microm) magnetic resonance imaging on 109 pedigreed baboons. Quantitative genetic analysis of these MR images using a variance components approach indicates that native (untransformed) brain volume exhibits significant heritability among these baboons (h(2) = 0.52, P = 0.0049), with age and sex also accounting for substantial variation. Using global spatial normalization, we transformed all images to a standard population-specific reference, and recalculated the heritability of brain volume. The transformed images generated heritability estimates of h(2) = 0.82 (P = 0.00022) for total brain volume, h(2) = 0.86 (P = 0.0006) for cerebral volume, h(2) = 0.73 (P = 0.0069) for exposed surface area of the cerebrum and h(2) = 0.67 (P = 0.01) for gray matter volume. Regional differences in the genetic effects on brain structure were calculated using a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) approach. This analysis of regional variation shows that some areas of motor cortex and the superior temporal gyrus show relatively high heritability while other regions (e.g. superior parietal cortex) exhibit lower heritability. The general pattern of regional differences is similar to that observed in previous studies of humans. The present study demonstrates that there is substantial genetic variation underlying individual variation in brain size and structure among Papio baboons, and that broad patterns of genetic influence on variation in brain structure may be similar in baboons and humans.

DOI10.1002/hbm.20407
Alternate JournalHum Brain Mapp
PubMed ID17437285
Grant ListP51-RR013986 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
R01MH078111 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R37MH059490 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States