Incident Heart Failure and Cognitive Decline: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.

TitleIncident Heart Failure and Cognitive Decline: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBressler, J, Knopman, DS, A Sharrett, R, Gottesman, RF, Penman, A, Chang, PP, Rosamond, WD, Boerwinkle, E, Mosley, TH
JournalJ Card Fail
Volume23
Issue1
Pagination47-55
Date Published2017 Jan
ISSN1532-8414
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is found in a significant proportion of patients with heart failure (HF). Although cognitive impairment may be a consequence of HF, early signs of cognitive impairment may also indicate subclinical vascular disease, and thus a risk factor for future cardiovascular events.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study is a prospective cohort study of the development of atherosclerosis. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine the association between mean 6-year change in cognitive function and incident HF in 7962 white and 1933 African-American men and women aged 46 to 70 years and free of clinical stroke. Scores were obtained for the Delayed Word Recall Test, the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), and the Word Fluency Test. There was a significantly increased risk of developing HF during the mean 12.6-year follow-up period after adjustment for age, gender, race, and education for those in the quartile with the greatest decline in DSST scores (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.17, P = .009), and in the quartile with the lowest baseline DSST scores (HR = 1.43, P 

CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that relatively low performance on a test of information processing speed may serve as an indicator of HF risk in middle age.

DOI10.1016/j.cardfail.2016.11.002
Alternate JournalJ. Card. Fail.
PubMed ID27864030
PubMed Central IDPMC5219935
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096812 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096917 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL096902 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL096812 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States