Oligogenic heterozygosity in individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders.

TitleOligogenic heterozygosity in individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSchaaf, CP, Sabo, A, Sakai, Y, Crosby, J, Muzny, DM, Hawes, A, Lewis, L, Akbar, H, Varghese, R, Boerwinkle, E, Gibbs, RA, Zoghbi, HY
JournalHum Mol Genet
Volume20
Issue17
Pagination3366-75
Date Published2011 Sep 01
ISSN1460-2083
KeywordsAdolescent, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Child, Preschool, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Heterozygote, Humans, Male, Mutation
Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a heterogeneous group of neuro-developmental disorders. While significant progress has been made in the identification of genes and copy number variants associated with syndromic autism, little is known to date about the etiology of idiopathic non-syndromic autism. Sanger sequencing of 21 known autism susceptibility genes in 339 individuals with high-functioning, idiopathic ASD revealed de novo mutations in at least one of these genes in 6 of 339 probands (1.8%). Additionally, multiple events of oligogenic heterozygosity were seen, affecting 23 of 339 probands (6.8%). Screening of a control population for novel coding variants in CACNA1C, CDKL5, HOXA1, SHANK3, TSC1, TSC2 and UBE3A by the same sequencing technology revealed that controls were carriers of oligogenic heterozygous events at significantly (P < 0.01) lower rate, suggesting oligogenic heterozygosity as a new potential mechanism in the pathogenesis of ASDs.

DOI10.1093/hmg/ddr243
Alternate JournalHum. Mol. Genet.
PubMed ID21624971
PubMed Central IDPMC3153303
Grant ListR01 NS057819 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
U54 HG003273 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
/ / Howard Hughes Medical Institute / United States