A potential founder variant in in three Norwegian families with warts, molluscum contagiosum, and T-cell dysfunction.

TitleA potential founder variant in in three Norwegian families with warts, molluscum contagiosum, and T-cell dysfunction.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSorte, HS, Osnes, LT, Fevang, B, Aukrust, P, Erichsen, HC, Backe, PH, Abrahamsen, TG, Kittang, OB, Øverland, T, Jhangiani, SN, Muzny, DM, Vigeland, MD, Samarakoon, P, Gambin, T, Akdemir, ZHC, Gibbs, RA, Rødningen, OK, Lyle, R, Lupski, JR, Stray-Pedersen, A
JournalMol Genet Genomic Med
Date Published2016 Nov

BACKGROUND: Four patients from three Norwegian families presented with a common skin phenotype of warts, molluscum contagiosum, and dermatitis since early childhood, and various other immunological features. Warts are a common manifestation of (HPV), but when they are overwhelming, disseminated and/or persistent, and presenting together with other immunological features, a primary immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) may be suspected.METHODS AND RESULTS: The four patients were exome sequenced as part of a larger study for detecting genetic causes of primary immunodeficiencies. No disease-causing variants were identified in known primary immunodeficiency genes or in other disease-related OMIM genes. However, the same homozygous missense variant in (also known as ) was identified in all four patients. In each family, the variant was located within a narrow region of homozygosity, representing a potential region of autozygosity. is a protein of undetermined function. A role in T-cell activation has been suggested and the mouse protein homolog (Rltpr) is essential for costimulation of T-cell activation via CD28, and for the development of regulatory T cells. Immunophenotyping demonstrated reduced regulatory, CD4+ memory, and CD4+ follicular T cells in all four patients. In addition, they all seem to have a deficiency in IFN -synthesis in CD4+ T cells and NK cells.CONCLUSIONS: We report a novel primary immunodeficiency, and a differential molecular diagnosis to ,,,,,,, and related diseases. The specific variant may represent a Norwegian founder variant segregating on a population-specific haplotype.

Alternate JournalMol Genet Genomic Med
PubMed ID27896283
PubMed Central IDPMC5118205
Grant ListU54 HG006542 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States