|Title||Quantitation of mixed-base populations of HIV-1 variants by automated DNA sequencing with BODIPY dye-labeled primers.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Authors||Metzker, ML, Ansari-Lari, MA, Liu, XM, Holder, DJ, Gibbs, RA|
|Pagination||446-7, 450-2, 454, passim|
|Date Published||1998 Sep|
|Keywords||Boron Compounds, DNA Primers, DNA, Viral, DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase, Genes, env, Genes, pol, Genetic Heterogeneity, Genetic Variation, Genome, Viral, HIV Envelope Protein gp120, HIV-1, Humans, Reproducibility of Results, Sequence Analysis, DNA|
Direct DNA sequencing of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) pol and env gene regions was characterized for accuracy and precision. Restricted maximum likelihood (REML) analysis of molecular clone reconstruction experiments using a primer-walking strategy showed that the BODIPY and BODIPY energy-transfer (BET) dye primers sets were significantly more accurate in quantitating heterogenous base mixtures than the fluorescein/rhodamine dye primers. Of the three sets examined, the BET dye primers were the most accurate. The improved accuracy correlated with the reduced emission band-widths of BODIPY and BET dye primers and the more uniform signal intensities of BET dye primers. However, comparing % coefficients of variation (CV) for the three dye primer sets, revealed that BODIPY dye primers gave better precision than both BET and fluorescein/rhodamine dye primer sets. Several sequence-dependent motifs were identified that showed specific nucleotide-biased incorporation and were determined to be the major variable component of the total %CV. Taken together, these results show that BODIPY and BET direct DNA sequencing can accurately and precisely characterize complex mixed-base populations.