Replication of long-bone length QTL in the F9-F10 LG,SM advanced intercross.

TitleReplication of long-bone length QTL in the F9-F10 LG,SM advanced intercross.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsNorgard, EA, Jarvis, JP, Roseman, CC, Maxwell, TJ, Kenney-Hunt, JP, Samocha, KE, L Pletscher, S, Wang, B, Fawcett, GL, Leatherwood, CJ, Wolf, JB, Cheverud, JM
JournalMamm Genome
Volume20
Issue4
Pagination224-35
Date Published2009 Apr
ISSN1432-1777
KeywordsAnimals, Bone and Bones, Crosses, Genetic, DNA Replication, Female, Hybridization, Genetic, Male, Mice, Organ Size, Quantitative Trait Loci
Abstract

Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping techniques are frequently used to identify genomic regions associated with variation in phenotypes of interest. However, the F(2) intercross and congenic strain populations usually employed have limited genetic resolution resulting in relatively large confidence intervals that greatly inhibit functional confirmation of statistical results. Here we use the increased resolution of the combined F(9) and F(10) generations (n = 1455) of the LG,SM advanced intercross to fine-map previously identified QTL associated with the lengths of the humerus, ulna, femur, and tibia. We detected 81 QTL affecting long-bone lengths. Of these, 49 were previously identified in the combined F(2)-F(3) population of this intercross, while 32 represent novel contributors to trait variance. Pleiotropy analysis suggests that most QTL affect three to four long bones or serially homologous limb segments. We also identified 72 epistatic interactions involving 38 QTL and 88 novel regions. This analysis shows that using later generations of an advanced intercross greatly facilitates fine-mapping of confidence intervals, resolving three F(2)-F(3) QTL into multiple linked loci and narrowing confidence intervals of other loci, as well as allowing identification of additional QTL. Further characterization of the biological bases of these QTL will help provide a better understanding of the genetics of small variations in long-bone length.

DOI10.1007/s00335-009-9174-9
Alternate JournalMamm. Genome
PubMed ID19306044
PubMed Central IDPMC2736561
Grant ListR01 AR053224-03 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
AR053224 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
R01 AR053224 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
/ / Intramural NIH HHS / United States
BB/C516936/1 / / Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council / United Kingdom