REST Final-Exon-Truncating Mutations Cause Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis.

TitleREST Final-Exon-Truncating Mutations Cause Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBayram, Y, White, JJ, Elcioglu, N, Cho, MT, Zadeh, N, Gedikbasi, A, Palanduz, S, Ozturk, S, Cefle, K, Kasapcopur, O, Akdemir, ZCoban, Pehlivan, D, Begtrup, A, Carvalho, CMB, Paine, ISophie, Mentes, A, Bektas-Kayhan, K, Karaca, E, Jhangiani, SN, Muzny, DM, Gibbs, RA, Lupski, JR
Corporate AuthorsBaylor-Hopkins Center for Mendelian Genomics
JournalAm J Hum Genet
Volume101
Issue1
Pagination149-156
Date Published2017 Jul 06
ISSN1537-6605
Abstract

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is the most common genetic form of gingival fibromatosis that develops as a slowly progressive, benign, localized or generalized enlargement of keratinized gingiva. HGF is a genetically heterogeneous disorder and can be transmitted either as an autosomal-dominant or autosomal-recessive trait or appear sporadically. To date, four loci (2p22.1, 2p23.3-p22.3, 5q13-q22, and 11p15) have been mapped to autosomes and one gene (SOS1) has been associated with the HGF trait observed to segregate in a dominant inheritance pattern. Here we report 11 individuals with HGF from three unrelated families. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) revealed three different truncating mutations including two frameshifts and one nonsense variant in RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST) in the probands from all families and further genetic and genomic analyses confirmed the WES-identified findings. REST is a transcriptional repressor that is expressed throughout the body; it has different roles in different cellular contexts, such as oncogenic and tumor-suppressor functions and hematopoietic and cardiac differentiation. Here we show the consequences of germline final-exon-truncating mutations in REST for organismal development and the association with the HGF phenotype.

DOI10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.06.006
Alternate JournalAm. J. Hum. Genet.
PubMed ID28686854