Sequence-Based Analysis of Lipid-Related Metabolites in a Multiethnic Study.

TitleSequence-Based Analysis of Lipid-Related Metabolites in a Multiethnic Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsFeofanova, EV, Yu, B, Metcalf, GA, Liu, X, Muzny, D, Below, JE, Wagenknecht, LE, Gibbs, RA, Morrison, AC, Boerwinkle, E
JournalGenetics
Volume209
Issue2
Pagination607-616
Date Published2018 06
ISSN1943-2631
KeywordsAfrican Americans, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Lipid Metabolism, Male, Metabolome, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci
Abstract

Small molecule lipid-related metabolites are important components of fatty acid and steroid metabolism-two important contributors to human health. This study investigated the extent to which rare and common genetic variants spanning the human genome influence the lipid-related metabolome. Sequence data from 1552 European-Americans (EA) and 1872 African-Americans (AA) were analyzed to examine the impact of common and rare variants on the levels of 102 circulating lipid-related metabolites measured by a combination of chromatography and mass spectroscopy. We conducted single variant tests [minor allele frequency (MAF) > 5%, statistical significance P-value ≤ 2.45 × 10-10] and tests aggregating rare variants (MAF ≤ 5%) across multiple genomic motifs, such as coding regions and regulatory domains, and sliding windows. Multiethnic meta-analyses detected 53 lipid-related metabolites-locus pairs, which were inspected for evidence of consistent signal between the two ethnic groups. Thirty-eight lipid-related metabolite-genomic region associations were consistent across ethnicities, among which seven were novel. The regions contain genes that are related to metabolite transport (SLC10A1) and metabolism (SCDFDX1UGT2B15, and FADS2). Six of the seven novel findings lie in expression quantitative trait loci affecting the expression levels of 14 surrounding genes in multiple tissues. Imputed expression levels of 10 of the affected genes were associated with four corresponding lipid-related traits in at least one tissue. Our findings offer valuable insight into circulating lipid-related metabolite regulation in a multiethnic population.

DOI10.1534/genetics.118.300751
Alternate JournalGenetics
PubMed ID29610217
PubMed Central IDPMC5972430
Grant ListHHSN268201100012C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
RC2 HL102419 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100010C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005G / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100008I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100011C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL086694 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HG004402 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
U54 HG003273 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100006C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100009C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100005C / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
HHSN268201100007I / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States