|Title||Simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (STLV-1) infection in wild yellow baboons (Papio hamadryas cynocephalus) from Mikumi National Park, Tanzania.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Authors||Voevodin, A, Samilchuk, E, Allan, J, Rogers, J, Broussard, S|
|Date Published||1997 Feb 17|
|Keywords||Animals, Base Sequence, Deltaretrovirus Antibodies, Deltaretrovirus Infections, DNA, Viral, Gene Products, env, Gene Products, pol, Genome, Viral, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Monkey Diseases, Papio, Phylogeny, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Simian T-lymphotropic virus 1, Tanzania, Tumor Cells, Cultured|
Serum and peripheral blood leukocytes from wild yellow baboons (Papio hamadryas cynocephalus) were tested for the presence of STLV-1-specific antibodies and proviral DNA. Fourteen of 30 sera tested positive by radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) with HTLV-1. Among 36 DNA samples tested by PCR 15 were positive by double nested PCR for a fragment of the STLV-1 env gene, the most sensitive assay among PCR tests employed. Of 30 animals that were tested both serologically and by PCR in only 1 case were the results discordant (PCR-positive, antibody-negative). The DNA sequences from env (378 bp), pol (212 bp), and LTR (705 bp) were determined for 5, 5, and 2 Mikumi STLV-1 isolates, respectively. The DNA sequences of Mikumi STLV-1 isolates were virtually identical and phylogenetic analysis revealed that they were clearly distinct from previously published baboon STLV-1 sequences, including those STLV-1 isolates presumed to be from yellow baboons. The results of this study suggest that reliable placement of individual STLV-1 within the PTLV-1 phylogeny requires genomic sequences of STLV-1 isolates from wild animals whose taxonomic identity and geographical origin are firmly established and that the LTR is the genomic region of STLV-1 which is the most informative for cladistic analysis of these viruses.