TET2 and CSMD1 genes affect SBP response to hydrochlorothiazide in never-treated essential hypertensives.

TitleTET2 and CSMD1 genes affect SBP response to hydrochlorothiazide in never-treated essential hypertensives.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsChittani, M, Zaninello, R, Lanzani, C, Frau, F, Ortu, MF, Salvi, E, Fresu, G, Citterio, L, Braga, D, Piras, DA, Carpini, SDelli, Velayutham, D, Simonini, M, Argiolas, G, Pozzoli, S, Troffa, C, Glorioso, V, Kontula, KK, Hiltunen, TP, Donner, KM, Turner, ST, Boerwinkle, E, Chapman, AB, Padmanabhan, S, Dominiczak, AF, Melander, O, Johnson, JA, Cooper-Dehoff, RM, Gong, Y, Rivera, NV, Condorelli, G, Trimarco, B, Manunta, P, Cusi, D, Glorioso, N, Barlassina, C
JournalJ Hypertens
Date Published2015 Jun
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aldosterone, Antihypertensive Agents, Blood Pressure, Case-Control Studies, Dioxygenases, DNA-Binding Proteins, Essential Hypertension, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Hydrochlorothiazide, Hypertension, Italy, Losartan, Male, Membrane Proteins, Middle Aged, Pharmacogenetics, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors, Systole, Tumor Suppressor Proteins, White People

BACKGROUND: Thiazide diuretics have been recommended as a first-line antihypertensive treatment, although the choice of 'the right drug in the individual essential hypertensive patient' remains still empirical. Essential hypertension is a complex, polygenic disease derived from the interaction of patient's genetic background with the environment. Pharmacogenomics could be a useful tool to pinpoint gene variants involved in antihypertensive drug response, thus optimizing therapeutic advantages and minimizing side effects.METHODS AND RESULTS: We looked for variants associated with blood pressure response to hydrochlorothiazide over an 8-week follow-up by means of a genome-wide association analysis in two Italian cohorts of never-treated essential hypertensive patients: 343 samples from Sardinia and 142 from Milan. TET2 and CSMD1 as plausible candidate genes to affect SBP response to hydrochlorothiazide were identified. The specificity of our findings for hydrochlorothiazide was confirmed in an independent cohort of essential hypertensive patients treated with losartan. Our best findings were also tested for replication in four independent hypertensive samples of European Ancestry, such as GENetics of drug RESponsiveness in essential hypertension, Genetic Epidemiology of Responses to Antihypertensives, NORdic DILtiazem intervention, Pharmacogenomics Evaluation of Antihypertensive Responses, and Campania Salute Network-StayOnDiur. We validated a polymorphism in CSMD1 and UGGT2.CONCLUSION: This exploratory study reports two plausible loci associated with SBP response to hydrochlorothiazide: TET2, an aldosterone-responsive mediator of αENaC gene transcription; and CSMD1, previously described as associated with hypertension in a case-control study.

Alternate JournalJ Hypertens
PubMed ID25695618
PubMed Central IDPMC4484731
Grant ListU01 GM074492 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States

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