Whole-exome sequencing revealed HKDC1 as a candidate gene associated with autosomal-recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

TitleWhole-exome sequencing revealed HKDC1 as a candidate gene associated with autosomal-recessive retinitis pigmentosa.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsZhang, L, Sun, Z, Zhao, P, Huang, L, Xu, M, Yang, Y, Chen, X, Lu, F, Zhang, X, Wang, H, Zhang, S, Liu, W, Jiang, Z, Ma, S, Chen, R, Zhao, C, Yang, Z, Sui, R, Zhu, X
JournalHum Mol Genet
Date Published2018 Dec 01
KeywordsAnimals, Disease Models, Animal, Exome, Exome Sequencing, Female, Genetic Association Studies, Hexokinase, Homozygote, Humans, Male, Mice, Knockout, Mutation, Pedigree, Retina, Retinal Degeneration, Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inheritable retina degenerative disease leading to blindness. Despite the identification of 70 genes associated with RP, the genetic cause of ∼40% of RP patients remains to be elucidated. Whole-exome sequencing was applied on the probands of a RP cohort of 68 unsolved cases to identify candidate genetic mutations. A homozygous missense variant (c.173C > T, p.T58 M) was found in HKDC1 in two unrelated families presenting late-onset retinal degeneration. This variant affects highly conserved amino acid residue and is very rare in several databases and absent in 4000 ethnic-matched controls. Mutant HKDC1 protein partially lost hexokinase activity. Hkdc1 is expressed in the mouse retina and localized to photoreceptor inner segments. To elucidate the in vivo roles of Hkdc1 in the retina, we generated Hkdc1 knockout (KO) mouse models using CRISPR/Cas9 technique. Two independent alleles were identified and backcrossed to C57BL/6 J for 6 generations. Absence of HKDC1 expression in the Hkdc1 KO retina was confirmed by western blot and immunostaning using HKDC1 antibody. Hkdc1 KO mice exhibited reduced scotopic electroretinogram response and thinner outer nuclear layer, similar to some of the human patient phenotypes. Loss of Hkdc1 led to mislocalization of rhodopsin to the inner segments and cell bodies of rods in some regions in the retina. Taken together, our data demonstrated that HKDC1 is associated with autosomal recessively inherited RP.

Alternate JournalHum Mol Genet
PubMed ID30085091
PubMed Central IDPMC6240732
Grant ListS10 RR026550 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
S10 OD023469 / OD / NIH HHS / United States
R01 EY022356 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
P30 EY002520 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
R01 EY018571 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States

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