|Title||Whole-Organ Genomic Characterization of Mucosal Field Effects Initiating Bladder Carcinogenesis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Majewski, T, Yao, H, Bondaruk, J, Chung, W, Lee, S, Lee, JGoo, Zhang, S, Cogdell, D, Yang, G, Choi, W, Dinney, C, H Grossman, B, Logothetis, C, Scherer, SE, Guo, CC, Zhang, L, Wei, P, Weinstein, JN, Issa, J-P, Baggerly, K, McConkey, DJ, Czerniak, B|
|Date Published||2019 02 19|
|Keywords||Carcinogenesis, Carcinoma, Clonal Evolution, DNA Methylation, Genome, Human, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mucous Membrane, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms, Urothelium|
We used whole-organ mapping to study the locoregional molecular changes in a human bladder containing multifocal cancer. Widespread DNA methylation changes were identified in the entire mucosa, representing the initial field effect. The field effect was associated with subclonal low-allele frequency mutations and a small number of DNA copy alterations. A founder mutation in the RNA splicing gene, ACIN1, was identified in normal mucosa and expanded clonally with an additional 21 mutations in progression to carcinoma. The patterns of mutations and copy number changes in carcinoma in situ and foci of carcinoma were almost identical, confirming their clonal origins. The pathways affected by the DNA copy alterations and mutations, including the Kras pathway, were preceded by the field changes in DNA methylation, suggesting that they reinforced mechanisms that had already been initiated by methylation. The results demonstrate that DNA methylation can serve as the initiator of bladder carcinogenesis.
|Alternate Journal||Cell Rep|