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Cloning and functional expression of the hNPY Y5 receptor in human endometrial cancer (HEC-1B) cells.

TitleCloning and functional expression of the hNPY Y5 receptor in human endometrial cancer (HEC-1B) cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsMoser, C., Bernhardt G., Michel J., Schwarz H., and Buschauer A.
JournalCanadian journal of physiology and pharmacology
Date Published2000 Feb
KeywordsCloning, Molecular, Cyclic AMP, Endometrial Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Radioligand Assay, Receptors, Neuropeptide Y, Transfection, Tumor Cells, Cultured
AbstractAiming to develop a functional assay for the human NPY Y5 receptor based on adenylyl cyclase activity, HEC-1B cells, in which cAMP synthesis can be efficiently stimulated with forskolin, were selected for the transfection with the pcDNA3-Y5-FLAG and the pcDEF3-Y5 vectors. After optimization of the transfection procedure, the binding of [3H]propionyl-NPY to transiently and stably expressed Y5 receptors was determined. The affinities of NPY, NPY derivatives, and rPP (pNPY > or = p(Leu31Pro34)NPY = p(2-36)NPY > or = p(D-Trp32)NPY > p(13-36)NPY > rPP) were in accordance with the NPY Y5 receptor subtype. For [3H]propionyl-pNPY approximately 1.7 x 10(5) and 1 x 10(6) binding sites per transiently and stably transfected cell, respectively, were determined. The KD values were 2.4 +/- 0.4 and 1.7 +/-0.2 nM, respectively. Due to the high expression of the receptor protein, both stably and transiently transfected cells can be conveniently used in routine radioligand binding studies. By contrast, functional assays were only feasible with HEC-1B cells stably expressing the Y5 receptor. In these cells, 10 nM pNPY inhibited the forskolin-stimulated cAMP synthesis by 75%. This effect was partially antagonized by the Y5 antagonist N-┬┐trans-[4-(2-naphthylmethylamino)-methyl]cyclohexylmethyl) naphthalene-2-sulfonamide. Although the genetic variability of cancer cells is in principle incompatible with a stable phenotype, both ligand binding characteristics and functionality of the Y5 receptor remained unchanged for more than 30 passages.
Alternate JournalCan. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.

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