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Richard Gibbs, Ph.D.

Director, Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center

image: Richard Gibbs, Ph.D.Contact information

agibbs@bcm.edu

Other positions

Wofford Cain Chair in Molecular and Human Genetics

Professor, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics

Professor, Programs in Integrative Molecular and Biomedical Sciences and Translational Biology & Molecular Medicine

Education

B.Sc., University of Melbourne, 1979

Ph.D., University of Melbourne, 1985

Postdoc, Baylor College of Medicine, 1990

Awards and honors

2011: Elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine

2001: LSU Chancellor's Distinguished Lectureship

2000: Michael E. DeBakey, M.D., Excellence in Research Award

1988-1989: George R. Sampson Distinguished Research Fellowship, Muscular Dystrophy Association

1987: American Arthritis Foundation, Postdoctoral Fellowship

1986: Muscular Dystrophy Association of America, Postdoctoral Fellowship

Research interests

Richard Gibbs is the Founder and Director of the BCM-HGSC, established at BCM in 1996. The BCM-HGSC has a core mission of advancing medical care through research and translation of genomics. The group was one of the five worldwide sites to undertake and complete the Human Genome Project, culminating in contribution of approximately ten percent of the sequence in 2003. The group subsequently collaborated to sequence many key species (Drosophila melanogaster, the Brown Norway rat, rhesus macaque, bovine, Dictyostelium discoideum, sea urchin and honey bee genomes) and to generate the first comprehensive map of human genetic variation (the HapMap project). The BCM-HGSC now employs more than 180 staff, including eighteen faculty.

Since 2007, new technologies have allowed unprecedented advances in human genetics. The BCM-HGSC pioneered whole exome capture methods and published the first diploid sequence of a human, James Watson. Next we demonstrated the utility of whole genome sequencing for genetic disease discovery and for guiding effective clinical treatments. In 2011, we began deploying these methods into routine clinical practice and now provide full gene sequencing to hundreds of individual patients each month.

Current research within the BCM-HGSC is focused upon the genomics of cancer, heart disease and autism. To achieve this the group is sequencing single human genomes at an increasing rate. New molecular technologies are being developed for the mapping and sequencing, for exploring novel chemistries for DNA tagging, and to enable development of instrumentation for DNA manipulation. The HGSC is also part of the national program for systematic discovery of the cause of human single genome defects and has an active bioinformatics program, with research projects involving biologists and computer scientists. Problems under study focus on developing tools for generating, manipulating, and analyzing genome data.

Publications

Polymerase chain reaction techniques., Gibbs, R. A. , Current opinion in biotechnology, 1991 Feb, Volume 2, Issue 1, p.69-75, (1991)
Fidelity of targeted recombination in human fibroblasts and murine embryonic stem cells., Zheng, H., Hasty P., Brenneman M. A., Grompe M., Gibbs R. A., Wilson J. H., and Bradley A. , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1991 Sep 15, Volume 88, Issue 18, p.8067-71, (1991) Abstract
PCR test for cystic fibrosis deletion., Ballabio, A., Gibbs R. A., and Caskey C. T. , Nature, 1990 Jan 18, Volume 343, Issue 6255, p.220, (1990)
DNA amplification by the polymerase chain reaction., Gibbs, R. A. , Analytical chemistry, 1990 Jul 1, Volume 62, Issue 13, p.1202-14, (1990) Abstract
Identification of mutations leading to the Lesch-Nyhan syndrome by automated direct DNA sequencing of in vitro amplified cDNA., Gibbs, R. A., Nguyen P. N., McBride L. J., Koepf S. M., and Caskey C. T. , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1989 Mar, Volume 86, Issue 6, p.1919-23, (1989) Abstract
Diagnosis of human heritable defects by recombinant DNA methods., Caskey, C. T., Gibbs R. A., Witkowski J. A., and Hejtmancik J. F. , Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 1988 Jun 15, Volume 319, Issue 1194, p.353-60, (1988) Abstract
Molecular characterization of 125I decay and X-ray-induced HPRT mutants in CHO cells., Gibbs, R. A., Camakaris J., Hodgson G. S., and Martin R. F. , International journal of radiation biology and related studies in physics, chemistry, and medicine, 1987 Feb, Volume 51, Issue 2, p.193-9, (1987) Abstract
The molecular basis of the sparse fur mouse mutation., Veres, G., Gibbs R. A., Scherer S. E., and Caskey C. T. , Science (New York, N.Y.), 1987 Jul 24, Volume 237, Issue 4813, p.415-7, (1987) Abstract


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