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Richard Gibbs, Ph.D.

Director, Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center

image: Richard Gibbs, Ph.D.Contact information

Other positions

Wofford Cain Chair in Molecular and Human Genetics

Professor, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics

Professor, Programs in Integrative Molecular and Biomedical Sciences and Translational Biology & Molecular Medicine


B.Sc., University of Melbourne, 1979

Ph.D., University of Melbourne, 1985

Postdoc, Baylor College of Medicine, 1990

Awards and honors

2011: Elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine

2001: LSU Chancellor's Distinguished Lectureship

2000: Michael E. DeBakey, M.D., Excellence in Research Award

1988-1989: George R. Sampson Distinguished Research Fellowship, Muscular Dystrophy Association

1987: American Arthritis Foundation, Postdoctoral Fellowship

1986: Muscular Dystrophy Association of America, Postdoctoral Fellowship

Research interests

Richard Gibbs is the Founder and Director of the BCM-HGSC, established at BCM in 1996. The BCM-HGSC has a core mission of advancing medical care through research and translation of genomics. The group was one of the five worldwide sites to undertake and complete the Human Genome Project, culminating in contribution of approximately ten percent of the sequence in 2003. The group subsequently collaborated to sequence many key species (Drosophila melanogaster, the Brown Norway rat, rhesus macaque, bovine, Dictyostelium discoideum, sea urchin and honey bee genomes) and to generate the first comprehensive map of human genetic variation (the HapMap project). The BCM-HGSC now employs more than 180 staff, including eighteen faculty.

Since 2007, new technologies have allowed unprecedented advances in human genetics. The BCM-HGSC pioneered whole exome capture methods and published the first diploid sequence of a human, James Watson. Next we demonstrated the utility of whole genome sequencing for genetic disease discovery and for guiding effective clinical treatments. In 2011, we began deploying these methods into routine clinical practice and now provide full gene sequencing to hundreds of individual patients each month.

Current research within the BCM-HGSC is focused upon the genomics of cancer, heart disease and autism. To achieve this the group is sequencing single human genomes at an increasing rate. New molecular technologies are being developed for the mapping and sequencing, for exploring novel chemistries for DNA tagging, and to enable development of instrumentation for DNA manipulation. The HGSC is also part of the national program for systematic discovery of the cause of human single genome defects and has an active bioinformatics program, with research projects involving biologists and computer scientists. Problems under study focus on developing tools for generating, manipulating, and analyzing genome data.


Exome sequencing of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma reveals inactivating mutations in NOTCH1., Agrawal, Nishant, Frederick Mitchell J., Pickering Curtis R., Bettegowda Chetan, Chang Kyle, Li Ryan J., Fakhry Carole, Xie Tong-Xin, Zhang Jiexin, Wang Jing, et al. , Science (New York, N.Y.), 2011 Aug 26, Volume 333, Issue 6046, p.1154-7, (2011) Abstract
Whole-exome sequencing identifies ALMS1, IQCB1, CNGA3, and MYO7A mutations in patients with Leber congenital amaurosis., Wang, Xia, Wang Hui, Cao Ming, Li Zhe, Chen Xianfeng, Patenia Claire, Gore Athurva, Abboud Emad B., Al-Rajhi Ali A., Lewis Richard A., et al. , Human mutation, 2011 Dec, Volume 32, Issue 12, p.1450-9, (2011) Abstract
SSTR5 P335L monoclonal antibody differentiates pancreatic neuroendocrine neuroplasms with different SSTR5 genotypes., Zhou, Guisheng, Gingras Marie-Claude, Liu Shi-He, Sanchez Robbi, Edwards Dean, Dawson David, Christensen Kurt, Paganelli Giovanni, Gibbs Richard, Fisher William, et al. , Surgery, 2011 Dec, Volume 150, Issue 6, p.1136-42, (2011) Abstract
The Drosophila melanogaster transcriptome by paired-end RNA sequencing., Daines, Bryce, Wang Hui, Wang Liguo, Li Yumei, Han Yi, Emmert David, Gelbart William, Wang Xia, Li Wei, Gibbs Richard, et al. , Genome research, 2011 Feb, Volume 21, Issue 2, p.315-24, (2011) Abstract
PDX-1: demonstration of oncogenic properties in pancreatic cancer., Liu, Shi-He, Patel Sanjeet, Gingras Marie-Claude, Nemunaitis John, Zhou Guisheng, Chen Changyi, Li Min, Fisher William, Gibbs Richard, and Brunicardi Charles F. , Cancer, 2011 Feb 15, Volume 117, Issue 4, p.723-33, (2011) Abstract
Genome-sequencing anniversary. Bringing genomics and genetics back together., Gibbs, Richard A. , Science (New York, N.Y.), 2011 Feb 4, Volume 331, Issue 6017, p.548, (2011)
Identification of genetic susceptibility to childhood cancer through analysis of genes in parallel., Plon, Sharon E., Wheeler David A., Strong Louise C., Tomlinson Gail E., Pirics Michael, Meng Qingchang, Cheung Hannah C., Begin Phyllis R., Muzny Donna M., Lewis Lora, et al. , Cancer genetics, 2011 Jan, Volume 204, Issue 1, p.19-25, (2011) Abstract
Comparative and demographic analysis of orang-utan genomes., Locke, Devin P., Hillier Ladeana W., Warren Wesley C., Worley Kim C., Nazareth Lynne V., Muzny Donna M., Yang Shiaw-Pyng, Wang Zhengyuan, Chinwalla Asif T., Minx Pat, et al. , Nature, 2011 Jan 27, Volume 469, Issue 7331, p.529-33, (2011) Abstract
Association between somatostatin receptor 5 gene polymorphisms and pancreatic cancer risk and survival., Li, Donghui, Tanaka Motofumi, Brunicardi Charles F., Fisher William E., Gibbs Richard A., and Gingras Marie-Claude , Cancer, 2011 Jul 1, Volume 117, Issue 13, p.2863-72, (2011) Abstract
Demographic history and rare allele sharing among human populations., Gravel, Simon, Henn Brenna M., Gutenkunst Ryan N., Indap Amit R., Marth Gabor T., Clark Andrew G., Yu Fuli, Gibbs Richard A., and Bustamante Carlos D. , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2011 Jul 19, Volume 108, Issue 29, p.11983-8, (2011) Abstract
Whole-genome sequencing for optimized patient management., Bainbridge, Matthew N., Wiszniewski Wojciech, Murdock David R., Friedman Jennifer, Gonzaga-Jauregui Claudia, Newsham Irene, Reid Jeffrey G., Fink John K., Morgan Margaret B., Gingras Marie-Claude, et al. , Science translational medicine, 2011 Jun 15, Volume 3, Issue 87, p.87re3, (2011) Abstract
Exome sequencing of ion channel genes reveals complex profiles confounding personal risk assessment in epilepsy., Klassen, Tara, Davis Caleb F., Goldman Alica, Burgess Dan, Chen Tim, Wheeler David, McPherson John, Bourquin Traci, Lewis Lora, Villasana Donna, et al. , Cell, 2011 Jun 24, Volume 145, Issue 7, p.1036-48, (2011) Abstract
TTC21B contributes both causal and modifying alleles across the ciliopathy spectrum., Davis, Erica E., Zhang Qi, Liu Qin, Diplas Bill H., Davey Lisa M., Hartley Jane, Stoetzel Corinne, Szymanska Katarzyna, Ramaswami Gokul, Logan Clare V., et al. , Nature genetics, 2011 Mar, Volume 43, Issue 3, p.189-96, (2011) Abstract
Activation of multiple proto-oncogenic tyrosine kinases in breast cancer via loss of the PTPN12 phosphatase., Sun, Tingting, Aceto Nicola, Meerbrey Kristen L., Kessler Jessica D., Zhou Chunshui, Migliaccio Ilenia, Nguyen Don X., Pavlova Natalya N., Botero Maria, Huang Jian, et al. , Cell, 2011 Mar 4, Volume 144, Issue 5, p.703-18, (2011) Abstract
Minimum information about a marker gene sequence (MIMARKS) and minimum information about any (x) sequence (MIxS) specifications., Yilmaz, Pelin, Kottmann Renzo, Field Dawn, Knight Rob, Cole James R., Amaral-Zettler Linda, Gilbert Jack A., Karsch-Mizrachi Ilene, Johnston Anjanette, Cochrane Guy, et al. , Nature biotechnology, 2011 May, Volume 29, Issue 5, p.415-20, (2011) Abstract
Gastrointestinal microbiome signatures of pediatric patients with irritable bowel syndrome., Saulnier, Delphine M., Riehle Kevin, Mistretta Toni-Ann, Diaz Maria-Alejandra, Mandal Debasmita, Raza Sabeen, Weidler Erica M., Qin Xiang, Coarfa Cristian, Milosavljevic Aleksandar, et al. , Gastroenterology, 2011 Nov, Volume 141, Issue 5, p.1782-91, (2011) Abstract
Disruptive TP53 mutation is associated with aggressive disease characteristics in an orthotopic murine model of oral tongue cancer., Sano, Daisuke, Xie Tong-Xin, Ow Thomas J., Zhao Mei, Pickering Curtis R., Zhou Ge, Sandulache Vlad C., Wheeler David A., Gibbs Richard A., Caulin Carlos, et al. , Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 2011 Nov 1, Volume 17, Issue 21, p.6658-70, (2011) Abstract
Copy number variation detection in whole-genome sequencing data using the Bayesian information criterion., Xi, Ruibin, Hadjipanayis Angela G., Luquette Lovelace J., Kim Tae-Min, Lee Eunjung, Zhang Jianhua, Johnson Mark D., Muzny Donna M., Wheeler David A., Gibbs Richard A., et al. , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2011 Nov 15, Volume 108, Issue 46, p.E1128-36, (2011) Abstract
A high-resolution map of human evolutionary constraint using 29 mammals., Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin, Garber Manuel, Zuk Or, Lin Michael F., Parker Brian J., Washietl Stefan, Kheradpour Pouya, Ernst Jason, Jordan Gregory, Mauceli Evan, et al. , Nature, 2011 Oct 27, Volume 478, Issue 7370, p.476-82, (2011) Abstract
Whole-exome sequencing identifies compound heterozygous mutations in WDR62 in siblings with recurrent polymicrogyria., Murdock, David R., Clark Gary D., Bainbridge Matthew N., Newsham Irene, Wu Yuan-Qing, Muzny Donna M., Cheung Sau Wai, Gibbs Richard A., and Ramocki Melissa B. , American journal of medical genetics. Part A, 2011 Sep, Volume 155A, Issue 9, p.2071-7, (2011) Abstract
Oligogenic heterozygosity in individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders., Schaaf, Christian P., Sabo Aniko, Sakai Yasunari, Crosby Jacy, Muzny Donna, Hawes Alicia, Lewis Lora, Akbar Humeira, Varghese Robin, Boerwinkle Eric, et al. , Human molecular genetics, 2011 Sep 1, Volume 20, Issue 17, p.3366-75, (2011) Abstract
Resequencing of IRS2 reveals rare variants for obesity but not fasting glucose homeostasis in Hispanic children., Butte, Nancy F., Voruganti Saroja V., Cole Shelley A., Haack Karin, Comuzzie Anthony G., Muzny Donna M., Wheeler David A., Chang Kyle, Hawes Alicia, and Gibbs Richard A. , Physiological genomics, 2011 Sep 22, Volume 43, Issue 18, p.1029-37, (2011) Abstract
Clan genomics and the complex architecture of human disease., Lupski, James R., Belmont John W., Boerwinkle Eric, and Gibbs Richard A. , Cell, 2011 Sep 30, Volume 147, Issue 1, p.32-43, (2011) Abstract
Deep resequencing reveals excess rare recent variants consistent with explosive population growth., Coventry, Alex, Bull-Otterson Lara M., Liu Xiaoming, Clark Andrew G., Maxwell Taylor J., Crosby Jacy, Hixson James E., Rea Thomas J., Muzny Donna M., Lewis Lora R., et al. , Nature communications, 2010, Volume 1, p.131, (2010) Abstract
Genetic diversity in India and the inference of Eurasian population expansion., Xing, Jinchuan, Watkins Scott W., Hu Ya, Huff Chad D., Sabo Aniko, Muzny Donna M., Bamshad Michael J., Gibbs Richard A., Jorde Lynn B., and Yu Fuli , Genome biology, 2010, Volume 11, Issue 11, p.R113, (2010) Abstract

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