LANA binds to multiple active viral and cellular promoters and associates with the H3K4methyltransferase hSET1 complex.

TitleLANA binds to multiple active viral and cellular promoters and associates with the H3K4methyltransferase hSET1 complex.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsHu, J, Yang, Y, Turner, PC, Jain, V, McIntyre, LM, Renne, R
JournalPLoS Pathog
Volume10
Issue7
Paginatione1004240
Date Published2014 Jul
ISSN1553-7374
KeywordsAntigens, Viral, Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly, Epigenesis, Genetic, HEK293 Cells, Herpesvirus 8, Human, Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase, Humans, Methylation, Nuclear Proteins, Plasmids, Response Elements, Sarcoma, Kaposi, Transcription, Genetic
Abstract

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a γ-herpesvirus associated with KS and two lymphoproliferative diseases. Recent studies characterized epigenetic modification of KSHV episomes during latency and determined that latency-associated genes are associated with H3K4me3 while most lytic genes are associated with the silencing mark H3K27me3. Since the latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) (i) is expressed very early after de novo infection, (ii) interacts with transcriptional regulators and chromatin remodelers, and (iii) regulates the LANA and RTA promoters, we hypothesized that LANA may contribute to the establishment of latency through epigenetic control. We performed a detailed ChIP-seq analysis in cells of lymphoid and endothelial origin and compared H3K4me3, H3K27me3, polII, and LANA occupancy. On viral episomes LANA binding was detected at numerous lytic and latent promoters, which were transactivated by LANA using reporter assays. LANA binding was highly enriched at H3K4me3 peaks and this co-occupancy was also detected on many host gene promoters. Bioinformatic analysis of enriched LANA binding sites in combination with biochemical binding studies revealed three distinct binding patterns. A small subset of LANA binding sites showed sequence homology to the characterized LBS1/2 sequence in the viral terminal repeat. A large number of sites contained a novel LANA binding motif (TCCAT)3 which was confirmed by gel shift analysis. Third, some viral and cellular promoters did not contain LANA binding sites and are likely enriched through protein/protein interaction. LANA was associated with H3K4me3 marks and in PEL cells 86% of all LANA bound promoters were transcriptionally active, leading to the hypothesis that LANA interacts with the machinery that methylates H3K4. Co-immunoprecipitation demonstrated LANA association with endogenous hSET1 complexes in both lymphoid and endothelial cells suggesting that LANA may contribute to the epigenetic profile of KSHV episomes.

DOI10.1371/journal.ppat.1004240
Alternate JournalPLoS Pathog.
PubMed ID25033463
PubMed Central IDPMC4102568
Grant ListR01 CA088763 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R01 CA88763 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R01 GM102227 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R01 GM102227 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States